By Mueni wa Muiu, Guy Martin
This booklet takes a multidisciplinary and long term historic viewpoint to check the evolution of African political platforms and associations. It ranges from Antiquity (Egypt, Kush, and Axum) to the current, with a specific specialize in the destruction of those political platforms and associations via successive exogenous tactics, together with the Atlantic slave alternate, imperialism, colonialism, and neo-colonialism or globalization.
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Extra resources for A New Paradigm of the African State: Fundi wa Afrika
49 Michael G. Schatzberg looks at government in what he calls “middle Africa”: Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, and Tanzania. He notes that existing paradigms misunderstand the nature of political legitimacy in Africa because, since the 1990s, there is an underlying assumption that electoral democracy is legitimate. ”53 More specifically, “African leaders across time and space have faced certain similar issues when trying to rule and have often come to similar conclusions on how to solve the problems they have faced .
Trans-Saharan trade—mostly based on the exchange of gold for salt—was key to state-building in the Western Sudan. Islam quickly became the religion of the ruling elite, while the masses remained faithful to their indigenous beliefs. The pilgrimages of Mansa Kanku Musa (1324–25) and Askia Mohammed Ture (1496–97) to the holy city of Mecca in the Arabian Peninsula are among the most memorable ever chronicled by historians, mostly because of the enormous amount of gold generously distributed by these emperors on their way.
In the Old Kingdom, pharaoh meant the great house of the prince, including ministers. In the New Kingdom, pharaoh meant the king who was situated above mankind, as indicated by the names, statues, pomp, and the style of the tombs. The pharaoh was a god-king who married many wives. The son inherited his father’s power, but the king could also choose his successor. Rituals reinforced the god-king belief. There were four women pharaohs: Nitokris, Sebeknefu (who marked the end of a dynasty), Hatshepsut, and Tauosne.
A New Paradigm of the African State: Fundi wa Afrika by Mueni wa Muiu, Guy Martin