By K.P. Prabhakaran Nair
Known because the "King" of spices, black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) and the "Queen" of spices, cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum M.), either perennial vegetation of the tropics, are an important and most generally wanted spice plants of the realm. They either have many makes use of, for instance, either are used as flavourings and as a medicine.
This e-book offers a entire evaluation of those vitally important spice vegetation, overlaying starting place, background, geographical distribution, creation, financial system and their uses.
- Discusses the 2 significant spices of significant monetary worth to the constructing world
- The writer is an eminent scientist who has received quite a few awards for his paintings during this area
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Extra info for Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper and Cardamom: The "King” and "Queen” of Spices
Phosphate rocks (PRs) are ideally suited for plantation crops and where indigenously available could be profitably utilized. In northern India, a popular PR is Mussoorie rock phosphate (MRP). Sadanandan (1994) reported that MRP is superior to ordinary superphosphate. Both cumulative yield increase and relative agronomic effectiveness were superior in MRP as compared to ordinary superphosphate. Pepper is a prolific user of potassium, and even with 2% content of potassium in the pepper plant, potassium deficiency will manifest (De Waard, 1969).
2 The Indonesian Experience Within Asia, next to India, Indonesia is the major pepper grower. Pepper was the first spice Indonesia traded with Europe through Persia and Arabia and prior to World War II, 80% of world production was controlled by Indonesia. It was the Japanese occupation during the war that left many pepper plantations uncared for, with the resulting decline in production. Compared to the pre-war period when the country could boast of more than 20 million vines, after the war it came down to just about a lakh (one hundred thousand) of vines.
An interesting aspect of pepper cultivation is the possibility of growing other crops, in addition to pepper, in the same field or plot of land. This practice is more in common when it is the case of homestead farming, where income from the accompanying crop adds to the profit from the main pepper crop. However, this is not a general practice on large pepper plantations because raising an additional crop makes demands of its own, in terms of nutrient input, pest management, and so forth. It is important to note that companion crops to pepper must best be raised in the prebearing stage of pepper, which at best can extend from 3 to 5 years (at the most).
Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper and Cardamom: The "King” and "Queen” of Spices by K.P. Prabhakaran Nair