Alterations of Consciousness: An Empirical Analysis for by Imants Baruss, Stephen Vletas PDF

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By Imants Baruss, Stephen Vletas

ISBN-10: 1557989931

ISBN-13: 9781557989932

Changes of attention is a clean and richly analytic research into the character of cognitive truth. Imants Baruss explores numerous manifestations of attention with rational and empirical rigor starting with extra traditional states comparable to pondering, sound asleep, dreaming and carrying on with on into hypnosis, trance, psychedelic stories, transcendence, and stories on the topic of loss of life. This accomplished evaluate of altered states examines realization from the physiological, cognitive, and experiential issues of view. Readers will achieve from this attractive textual content an enriched knowing of awareness, fact, and the medical exercise.

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Thought] is interested in some parts of these objects to the exclusion of others, and welcomes or rejects—chooses from among them, in a word— all the while” (W. James, 1890/1983, p. 220). We selectively attend to some parts of objects rather than to others, and emphasize and unite some impressions but not others, so that we are always in a process of choosing between alternatives and, in doing so, leaving behind the alternatives not chosen. “The mind, in short, works on the data it receives very much as a sculptor works on his block of stone” (W.

Many of these effects appear to have been associated with prolonged confinement rather than just sensory restriction (Zuckerman, 1969). In some studies, for example, participants spent a week in a coffin-like box with straps and a head retainer restricting their movements and with their visual and auditory perceptions confined using ganzfeld procedures similar to the one described in chapter 1 (Zubek, Bayer, Milstein, & Shephard, 1969). A summary of the early results ended with the conclusion that without “a changing sensory environment .

Then we will skip forward to Eric Klinger’s contemporary characterization of thinking derived from empirical investigations. These two descriptions of thinking provide us with a framework for deepening our understanding of waking experience as this chapter progresses. The Stream of Consciousness James has listed five characteristics of thinking, the first of which is that “every thought tends to be part of a personal consciousness” (W. James, 1890/1983, p. 220). For James, thoughts do not float freely but are always owned by someone, thereby presupposing the experienced presence of a personal self implied in consciousness3.

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Alterations of Consciousness: An Empirical Analysis for Social Scientists by Imants Baruss, Stephen Vletas

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