American Philosophy: The Basics by Nancy Stanlick PDF

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By Nancy Stanlick

ISBN-10: 0415689708

ISBN-13: 9780415689700

American Philosophy: The Basics introduces the heritage of yank proposal from early Calvinists to the hot England Transcendentalists and from agreement idea to modern African American philosophy. the foremost query it asks is: what it's that makes American Philosophy designated? This vigorous and compelling ebook strikes via key classes within the improvement of yank proposal from the founding fathers to the transcendentalists and pragmatists to modern social commentators. Readers are brought to:
* probably the most very important thinkers in American historical past together with Jonathan Edwards, Thomas Paine, Charles Sanders Pierce, Thomas Kuhn, Cornel West and lots of extra
* advancements in 5 key parts of suggestion: epistemology, metaphysics, faith and ethics, social philosophy, and political philosophy
* The contributions of yank ladies, African-Americans and local Americans.

Featuring feedback for additional studying and assuming no earlier wisdom of philosophy, this is often a fantastic first advent for a person learning or drawn to the background of yankee thought.

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For the community-minded, productive and peaceful communities are built and maintained by the activity of individuals who have developed human excellences (virtues) that are beneficial to the community. No matter one’s preference for rugged individualism or for community, Franklin’s approach to ethics is sure to be appealing. His commitment to the development of good moral character is consistent both with the needs and desires of community and with the Enlightenment’s demand for rationality focused on the individual.

We must ask ourselves how the new American republic will operate most efficiently given self-interest as a major facet of human nature. What structures and procedures ought to be put in place to ensure that the new republic does not deteriorate and become autocratic? The answer to this question is not, as Paine would have THE ENLIGHTENMENT REVOLUTIONARIES it, that the people will be represented in a simple and direct fashion. Adams, in “A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States of America” (1787), contended that elected representatives cannot be trusted to protect the people’s liberties because if they have all legislative, executive, and judicial power, they will violate the liberties of people even sooner than would an absolute monarch.

So it must be that the doctrine of predestination is false. Some people attribute to the revolutionary American founders claims that they never made. We have political pundits and halfbaked entertainment news figures telling us that Thomas Jefferson was a devout Christian who never argued for the separation of Church and state, that Thomas Paine’s views support libertarian positions on universal health care, and that all the Founders were Christians bent on ensuring that America begins and remains a Christian nation.

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American Philosophy: The Basics by Nancy Stanlick

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