By Andrew Gamble
This e-book is a concise advisor to the most doctrines and developments in Western social and political inspiration because the French Revolution. basically and easily written, the booklet contains short biographical info of significant person thinkers in addition to an annotated bibliography which supplies assistance to additional analyzing.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Modern Social and Political Thought
This notion was at the heart of the conception of civil society, and was to become the foundation for liberal doctrines of all kinds. If all individuals shared the same human nature, in the sense that all had the same human attributes, all confronted the same natural physical environment, all had the same capacity to labour, the same instinct to preserve themselves, and the same drive to better their condition, then society had a natural basis also, and its arrangements could and should be brought into conformity with the underlying natural law ordained by God.
In this way the interdependence of needs and interests grows, and this makes the society increasingly impersonal. The exchange process grows more complex and bureaucratic, so does the basic organisation of the economy and of the government required to sustain the widening division of labour. Aided by the unprecedented explosion of population a mass society comes into being whose members are far more isolated than the members of traditional communities which tended to be organised in large family groups.
In the development of the concept of sovereignty can be seen the attempts to assert theoretically the character of the new secular public power against older views. Several writers, including Jean Bodin, in the sixteenth century, and Thomas Hobbes, in the seventeenth century, argued that the sovereignty of the state had no limits in principle, and no 50 MODERN SOCIAL AND POLITICAL THOUGHT need for justification outside itself. The state was not confined to administering traditional laws but could create new laws.
An Introduction to Modern Social and Political Thought by Andrew Gamble