Download PDF by Joseph Holden: An Introduction to Physical Geography and the Environment

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By Joseph Holden

ISBN-10: 0131217615

ISBN-13: 9780131217614

Accomplished and globally centred, "An advent to actual Geography" "and the surroundings" is richly supported through case experiences and overseas examples. It offers a radical assessment of the major issues, taking a look heavily at procedures and environmental difficulties, and delivering informative, specialist and useful assurance of actual geography. each one bankruptcy is written by way of a number one professional of their box. additionally, there are a number of selection questions for every bankruptcy, interactive numerical versions, an annotated bibliography, an inventory of weblinks and a accomplished word list

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It will then move on to discuss how the scientific method has been applied by physical geographers to studies of the environment. The remaining parts of the chapter will look at the principles of and approaches to (i) fieldwork, (ii) numerical modelling and (iii) laboratory research, all of which are important methods of physical geography. Prominent themes will emerge from these areas of discussion including the need to couple processes operating on different time and space scales and ideas of equilibrium, magnitude–frequency and feedback.

This is particularly useful for geography, which has a tradition of examining case studies (see below). In addition, the realist approach allows us to evaluate different results at different scales. Often great scientific progress can be made when rules that emerge at one scale of investigation are used to question and critique those that emerge at other scales (Lane, 2001a). 4 Moving away from a single method in physical geography? 8 Facets of realism. Different combinations of mechanisms result in different events, some of which can then be observed or measured.

What are the differences between logical positivism and critical rationalism and how would your method be different if you had a critical rationalist approach rather than a logical positivist approach? ➤ Why is realist theory so attractive to physical geographers? 4 The field, the model and the laboratory Fieldwork, laboratory investigation and numerical modelling are not necessarily independent of each other. Laboratory analysis often requires fieldwork, and numerical models typically require laboratory or field data for validation.

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An Introduction to Physical Geography and the Environment by Joseph Holden

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