By Peri Roberts
Your conceptual toolkit for the research of political thoughtPraise for the 1st edition'This turns out relatively to were written with the first-year pupil in brain. The editors write in a fashion that's transparent, clever and fascinating with out being in any respect condescending.'Politics reviews assessment New for this variation* fresh bankruptcy on overseas political proposal, reflecting probably the most notable advancements in modern political theoryThis textbook can provide the entire vocabulary you would like - political, conceptual and historic - to have interaction expectantly and deeply with political inspiration and the ethical and political worlds during which we live.It lines the background of political concept from Plato and Aristotle to Kymlicka and Rorty, following a special twin constitution that introduces key thinkers and middle recommendations jointly, making it appropriate for any path constitution
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Extra info for An Introduction to Political Thought, second edition: An Introduction to Political Thought: A Conceptual Toolkit
If justice is artificial instead of natural it might not be the same everywhere. What is called just will vary in relation to the interests of rulers or to the customs agreed upon. Custom, it seems, is king and justice is just ‘the way we do things round here’. Man is the measure of all things as he weighs everything against his interest. This is the challenge of relativism and subjectivism restated. Are justice and morality everywhere the same or do they legitimately vary from place to place? If what is right is relative to interest or circumstance, should justice and morality be abandoned or discarded if our interests or circumstances change?
Not only that, he seems to regard the pursuit of self-interest as a prime human motive and therefore as natural and right. These themes are picked up by Glaucon and Adeimantus. Glaucon argues that men are hopeful of being free to do wrong and benefit from it whilst, at the same time, suffering no wrong done to themselves. This, however, is not generally possible and so people will agree to make laws and mutual agreements, and that what the law lays down they call lawful and right. This is the origin and nature of justice.
In doing so they will be happy. Why elitism rather than democracy? Much of this chapter has been concerned with Plato’s argument that the just state is ruled by a relatively small number of guardians rather than by ‘the people’ as a whole. Key to the argument has been Plato’s contention that there is a skill to ruling that is dependent upon knowledge of the Form of Justice and that this knowledge is available only to a few. Without the guidance provided by the ‘pattern’ of the Form of Justice the political decisions of the masses will be fickle and arbitrary.
An Introduction to Political Thought, second edition: An Introduction to Political Thought: A Conceptual Toolkit by Peri Roberts